Tips For Buying And Installing Programmable And Non Programmable Thermostats
A thermostat is a device that is temperature sensitive and has the role to turn heating and cooling systems in your home on and off based on a preset temperature limit. Thermostats can be programmable and non programmable. The simple manual units have basic functions while the sophisticated programmable units offer enhanced functionality and features for an efficient operation of home heating and air conditioning systems. Choosing a thermostat is simple, thanks to an easy to understand product packaging and their universal compatibility. In this article we will guide in selecting and installing your thermostat. You will get familiar with the special features that increase comfort, convenience, and energy efficiency in order to make an informed purchasing decision.
When selecting a thermostat for your home you need to choose the type of thermostat that better suits your needs. For that the first step is to identify your cooling and heating system type. The thermostat packaging makes it simple to select the type of product compatible with your HVAC system. If you have separate air conditioning and heating units you need to select a thermostat that works with one stage heat or cool. If your heating or cooling units have a low and high speed, then you need to select a thermostat that works with 2 stages or multi stage hear or cool. If you have an older home that uses 110 or 240 direct current power source you will need a thermostat that works with direct line voltage. If you need your thermostat to work with a wall furnace, a floor heating system or with a fireplace you need to select a model that works with 24mV. In case that your heating and cooling system is individually controlled in different areas of your home from the same HVAC system then you need a thermostat for zoned HVAC.
There are two basic types of thermostats: programmable and non programmable. Both types can work with a variety of air conditioning systems and oil, gas, and electric furnaces as well. Manual thermostats were typically used in older homes. They have simple controls and they are economical. They can be efficient if you are diligent about changing the thermostat settings as the temperature changes. However, they offer limited comfort and energy savings. Many older manual thermostat models use mercury which is toxic if leaks in the environment. Non programmable thermostats allow you to manually adjust the temperature in your home from a control panel.
Programmable thermostats have an easy to operate digital interface and they can adjust the temperature automatically throughout the day. The smart thermostats can save you as much as 15 to 25% on cooling and 33% on heating costs. During seasonal transitions the advanced models of programmable thermostats can switch back and forth between heating and air conditioning. Another advantage of the newer models of programmable thermostats is that they are mercury free. The smart programmable thermostats can learn from your behaviors, adjust based on ambient conditions, show your energy consumption in real time, and allows you to control the temperature in your home remotely. The programmable thermostats come in two varieties: the type that offer internet connectivity for remote programming and management, and the type that can adjust themselves and learn automatically from your behavior. There are programmable thermostat models for 5+2-day that allows you to program weekends and weekdays independently. Other models allow you 5-1-1 programming, meaning that you can program Saturday and Sunday independently. The most flexible models allow you to program each day of the week independently.
To save on the initial costs you can install your thermostat yourself. In order to do that you need to first turn off the main electrical power switch to the air conditioning and the heating unit. Unscrew the wall mount of your old thermostat in order to separate the thermostat's wiring from the wall. As you disconnect the wires from the terminal connectors label each wire using masking tape then remove the sub-base from the wall. Pull the wires through the feed hole and connect them to the new thermostat. Place the new thermostat flat against the wall by using level to position it. Screw the new thermostat’s sub-base to the wall, place the outside cover and restore power to your heating and cooling system. All is left to do is to set the desired temperature on your new thermostat.
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