Facts state it that less than 1% of water can be consumed by human beings, the rest is salty water -- the kind of water you find frozen in oceans and other places in the planet. At the same time, population is increasing at a faster rate, thus it's putting too much strain on the available resources. Communities across the globe are currently struggling to get healthy, constant and affordable water supply which is hard to come by. As a result, it only makes sense to preserve the available water so it can be distributed equally.
(a) Use of water-efficient fixtures and appliances
It's a common habit to leave taps running while brushing our teeth. However, by avoiding this habit, it is estimated that we could save up to 3000 gallons of water annually. Fortunately, there are many products designed to help save water while the tap is running. You could use Watersense-labeled products on your water fixtures. Energystar-rated products are also good in saving both water and energy, so you should invest in these items as well.
(b) Faucets & shower heads
Water faucets account for nearly 15% of all indoor water usage in the United States. That's why it's recommended that homeowners invest in water-efficient faucets that reduce the flow rate without sacrificing on the performance.
Suppose every household in the U.S used water-efficient faucets and accessories, they could save at least $350 million in water usage alone. This also translates to saving 60 billion gallons of water annually -- just enough to meet the public demands of water in a city like Miami for close to 150 days.
But if you're reluctant to spend money on new water faucets, change the aerator in your water faucets because this device influences the flow rate of water. These units are affordable, plus they are a great way of using water responsibly since they reduce the flow rate considerably.
Another way to save on your water consumption is through fixing leaks in pipes, sink fixtures, toilets, shower heads and just about anywhere water is needed.
On the other hand, shower heads account for nearly 1.2 trillion gallons of water used annually in the U.S. The good thing is that you could purchase high water-efficient shower fixtures for between $10-$20. This would make you save between 25% to 60% on water consumption.
You should aim at selecting a shower head that has less than 2.5gpm flow rate for maximum water efficiency. Before the year 1992, some shower heads that featured up to 5.5gpm flow rate were very popular in the market. It is very likely that you're running an older model that has excessive flow rate. Consider replacing it if this is the case.
Toilets use a lot of water in the residential areas as they account for 30% of all water consumption in homes and other residential structures. Again, toilets tend to be a major source of wasted water due to leaks or problems in the toilets.
Keep in mind that older toilet models that were manufactured before 1992 don't follow the guidelines of Energy Policy Act, so they consume lots of water in waste. In fact, they use up to 3.5 gallons of water per flush.
That's why you're encouraged to use Watersense labeled toilets because they've been shown to save up to 2 billion gallons of water every day. And if you use a high efficient water toilet, you could save up to $2000 on the lifetime of the toilet. Fortunately, there are many water-efficient toilet options out there. Think about a toilet that uses dual flush technology. This technology incorporates a full flush for solid waste and a reduced flush for non-solid waste.
So whether you're sprucing up your home, building a new home or replacing your inefficient water toilet, you should consider taking advantage of Watersense-labeled products that boast of high-performing features that will save water and energy in the long run.
For those who want to go green, there's the option of composting toilets. This technology has been in use for close to 30 years. These toilets can be made to look almost similar to regular toilets. They are ideal where fulfilling sanitation needs is concerned. They're mostly common in rural or suburban areas that don't have sewer lines.
The tips above can help you reduce your water bills by a significant margin, so practice them at home and you'll see how much you can save the universe.
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